AIAA Books

May 31, 2016
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All references must be numbered and cited in numerical order in the text. Authors must reference the original source of a work, not a secondary source. Classified or export-restricted references, private communications, personal Web sites, and Web sites where there is no commitment to archiving may be mentioned parenthetically in the text or in a footnote, but should not be cited in the reference list. A reference that is not reliably available is of no use to readers.

Each numbered reference citation in the text is enclosed in brackets as in the following examples:

It is shown by Smith [4] that …
The effect of … should be taken into account [5].
For example, see [6, 7].
Further documentation can be found in [8-10].
On the rare occasion when a specific page number or page range needs to accompany a citation within the text, include it within the brackets in the following manner:

This procedure was proposed by Gelb [11, p. 250].
The solution can be found in Rogers [12, pp.14-18].
When multiple author names are cited in the text, list up to two authors, as in “Walsh and Jones, ” but use “et al.” with three or more authors, as in ”Walsh et al.”

List of References

To avoid production delays, all references must be complete prior to acceptance of a manuscript. The following list gives examples of commonly lacking information:

  • o All authors to a reference (do not use “et al.” in the reference list)
  • o Full journal or book titles and publisher names (no abbreviations)
  • o Inclusive page numbers for journals and page or chapter numbers for books
  • o Journal volume and issue numbers (or months)
  • o Locations of report sponsors (e.g., companies and universities)
  • o Complete publishing information for proceedings (i.e., the same as for other books)

The DOI (Digital Object Identifier) should be incorporated into every reference for which it is available. A DOI is an identifier of intellectual property entities on digital networks. It provides a system for persistent identification and interoperable exchange of managed information. The use of DOIs as identifiers makes the management of intellectual property in a network environment easy and convenient and allows the construction of automated services and transactions. For more information on DOIs and their value, visit or

For all references: Spell out everything except AIAA, NASA, NACA, AGARD, and NATO; months may be abbreviated.
Follow these examples for format; double-space the reference list in your manuscript:

Chapter in a Book

[1] Turner, M. J., Martin, H. C., and Leible, R. C., “Further Development and Applications of Stiffness Method, ” Matrix Methods of Structural Analysis, 1st ed., Vol. 1, Wiley, New York, 1963, pp. 6–10.

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